Z algorithm


There are some algorithms of exact substring searching (e.g. Knuth-Morris-Pratt, Boyer-Moore etc.) I want to explain one of them which is called Z algorithm in some sources.

Z-boxes and Z-values

Let’s consider the concept of Z-box. Take the string S = "abcxxxabyyy". We have an internal part "ab" in the string which repeats its prefix. The internal "ab" is a Z-box. It has the beginning at the position with index 6 and the end in 7 (0-based). Z-boxes are substrings which match string prefixes with the same length. For the Z-box, let’s call the corresponding prefix the prototype (it’s my term but I think it’s OK to use it.)

Z algorithm

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